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Productivity and Animal Health Problems Caused by Mycotoxins in Feeds

Some of the effects of Aspergillus toxins , such as Aflatoxins (Polar) in Poultry and Swine

In Poultry:

Reduce birds ability to withstand stress by inhibiting the immune system. This causes-
1) In layers , reduction in egg size, weak egg shells and lower production.
2) Contamination of egg production to humans with aflatoxin metabolites.
3) In broilers, aflatoxin causes disease , such as fatty liver and other symptoms that reduce weight gain and increase morality, resulting in reduction of productivity indexes.

In Swine:

In severe aflatoxicosis, one can expect acute effects , including death.
2) Aflatoxin M1 appears in the milk of sows fed with aflatoxin contaminated feed and may affect piglets nursing those sows.

Some of the effects of Fusarium toxins (NON Polar) , such as Zearalenone, Deoxinavenol (DON) , Fumonisin and T2 in Poultry and Swine-

In Poultry:

1) T2 will causes tongue, mouth and intestinal lesions, affecting the bird’s ability to eat and digest feed properly.
2) DON is associated with decreased feed consumption in layers and broiler breeders.
3) Fumonisin causes a weak immune systems, decreasing its response to antibiotics and vaccines
and making the animal more susceptible to pathogenic challenges.

In Swine:

1) Zearalenone significantly affects the sow’s reproductive performance, increasing redness, size of the vulva and mammary tissue.
2) Zearalenone will cause embryonic mortality at certain stages and fertility problems.
3) DON will cause severe weight loss due to swine vomiting and other physiological disorders.
4) T2 is associated with feed passage and decreased productivity.


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